The Border Terrier is a small dog breed in the terrier group of dogs. It weighs between 11 and 16 pounds and has a height of 28 to 40 centimetres, with the male breed being slightly taller. This rough-coated dog shares ancestry with the Bedlington Terrier and Dandie Dinmont Terrier.
In the early 1800s, the Border Terrier was initially referred to as the Redesdale Terrier or Coquetdale Terrier primarily due to the area in which the breed evolved. But probably due to its history with the Border Hunt in Northumberland, the dog acquired the name Border Terrier.
The Moss Trooper
The Moss Trooper is the first-ever registered Kennel Club Border Terrier. Jacob Robson’s Chip sired this dog in 1912. The Moss Trooper was listed as “Any Other Variety” by the Kennel Club in 1913. In 1914, the dog breed was denied a position in the formal Kennel Club recognition. It was only assigned a slot six years later in 1920 with Jasper Dodd sitting at the helm of the club. It’s worth noting that John Dodd and Jacob Robson wrote the first standard of the acceptance of the Border Terrier by the Kennel Club.
Coincidentally, the Border Terrier Club was formed the same year (1920) in which the UK Kennel Club first recognised the Border Terrier. The American Kennel Club (AKC) first acknowledged the Border Terrier as an official dog breed in 1930.
Aim of Breeding the Border Terrier
The primary purpose of introducing this breed was to bolt foxes. However, they were also used for hunting or killing rodents, otters, and badgers. This dog was initially bred to be strong and have legs long enough to keep up with the speed and hunting instincts of horses and other foxhounds. They were also bred to have small bodies, tiny enough to crawl in the burrows of foxes and chase the latter away to pave the way for the hunters.